In the middle of his busy period, in 1955, he became a United States citizen. Later that year he launched “Alfred Hitchcock Presents,” the television show that catapulted Hitchcock from honored director and celebrity to icon. The fact that he hosted the show for ten years, and that the episodes were made to evoke little Hitchcock movies helped make him a household name all over the world. “Alfred Hitchcock Presents” was a huge commercial success, a factor that may have kept Hitchcock from gaining critical respect in America. It was not apparent to his fans, but Hitchcock’s involvement in the show was small. He directed only twenty of the 370 teleplays produced by Shamley Productions and offered only occasional suggestions to his associates.
Up until 1979, Alfred wrote, produced and directed films. Some of his best-known later works include The Birds, Marnie, and Family Plot. In his later years with his family, he led a quiet and unostentatious life. They preferred the comforts of home to the Hollywood surroundings. On January 3, 1980, Hitchcock received one of the highest honors his native country had to bestow; he was formally invested as a Knight Commander of the British Empire. When Hitchcock died at home in Los Angeles at the age of 80, on April 29, 1980, he had accomplished professionally what he had always been attempting to achieve; world wide respect as both a premier popular entertainer and a true artist of the cinema.
Hitchcock was content, with very few exceptions, to make films about crime and guilt. There are no philosophical statements in his work, except ironic ones. Nothing is ever taken quite seriously. He used big stars, flamboyant locations, audacious camera strategies. By making a cameo appearance near the beginning of almost all of his films, he became personally famous at a time when most people never ever thought about a film's director. When most serious directors scorned television, he became even more famous with a weekly half hour program, "Alfred Hitchcock Presents." How well-known did he become? Using only a few curved lines, he was able to draw a caricature of himself that is instantly recognizable.
I am deeply saddened by the death of my close friend and colleague, Sir Alfred Hitchcock, whose death today at his home deprives us all of a great artist and an even greater human being. Almost every tribute paid to Sir Alfred in the past by film critics and historians has emphasised his continuing influence in the world of film. It is that continuing influence, embodied in the magnificent series of films he has given the world, during the last half-century, that will preserve his great spirit, his humour and his wit, not only for us but for succeeding generations of film-goers.
"The Birds" by Alfred Hitchcock Essay Example | Topics …
On August 18, 1961, residents in the town of , awoke to find slamming into their rooftops, and their streets covered with dead birds. News reports suggested poisoning () as the cause. According to the local , Alfred Hitchcock requested news copy in 1961 to use as "research material for his latest thriller". At the end of the same month, he hired to adapt 's novella, "", first published in her 1952 collection . Hunter had previously written "Vicious Circle" for , which he adapted for the television anthology series . He also adapted Robert Turner's story "Appointment at Eleven" for the same television series. Hunter later suspected that he was hired because he had demonstrated he could write (with the novels, as Ed McBain) and because his novel had received critical acclaim. The relationship between Hunter and Hitchcock during the creation of was documented by the writer in his 1997 autobiography , which contains a variety of correspondence between the writer, director and Hitchcock's assistant, Peggy Robertson.
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The Alfred Hitchcock Collection is housed at the in Hollywood, California. The Hitchcock Collection includes home movies, 16mm film shot on the set of (1929) and (1972), and the earliest known colour footage of Hitchcock. The Academy Film Archive also preserved many of Hitchcock's home movies. Complementing the film material are the Alfred Hitchcock Papers housed at the Academy's Margaret Herrick Library. The David O. Selznick and the Ernest Lehman collections housed at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center in , contain material related to Hitchcock's work on the production of , , , , and
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Krohn's work also sheds light on Hitchcock's practice of generally shooting in chronological order, which he notes sent many films over budget and over schedule and, more importantly, differed from the standard operating procedure of Hollywood in the Studio System Era. Equally important is Hitchcock's tendency to shoot alternate takes of scenes. This differed from coverage in that the films were not necessarily shot from varying angles so as to give the editor options to shape the film how he/she chooses (often under the producer's aegis). Rather they represented Hitchcock's tendency of giving himself options in the editing room, where he would provide advice to his editors after viewing a rough cut of the work. According to Krohn, this and a great deal of other information revealed through his research of Hitchcock's personal papers, script revisions and the like refute the notion of Hitchcock as a director who was always in control of his films, whose vision of his films did not change during production, which Krohn notes has remained the central long-standing myth of Alfred Hitchcock. His fastidiousness and attention to detail also found its way into each for his films. Hitchcock preferred to work with the best talent of his day—film poster designers such as and —who would produce posters that accurately represented his films.